Schwab, Richard N. “The History of
Medicine in Diderot’s ‘Encyclopédie’.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, vol. 32, no. 3, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1958, pp. 216–23. JSTOR, https://www.jstor.org/stable/44444059.
Primarily focusing on the article “Médecine”, written by Jaucourt, Schwab discusses the treatment of the history of medicine and claims that the article represents the methods through which the Encyclopédie was compiled. Briefly discussing Jaucourt’s background and credentials (he was medically trained and a noble who wrote many of the medicinal articles), Schwab describes the creation of Jaucourt’s article. He notices that Jaucourt fits his accounts of history into an Enlightenment mindset, breaking the connection to religion while also maintaining the classic Jaucourt strategy of copying and pasting others’ works together. Drawing mainly on Robert James’s Medicinal Dictionary, Jaucourt picked out the pieces he deemed necessary and important and placed them directly into his articles, often skipping over references to religious figures and events. Direct quotes, comparisons, and examples are provided.
Country of Publication: United States
Main Classification: Medicine
7/14/2020: Created page.